North Carolina embraces a fair and equitable justice system, free from racism and bias, where safety is foundational to all aspects of a free society, and all communities are free from harm and violence.

Why Is This Important?

Communities with high rates of incarceration experience damaged social networks and family ties, reduced life expectancy, have greater instances of adverse health outcomes. HNC 2030, p. 44

Story Behind the Curve

North Carolina has the 21st lowest incarceration rate among US states with a rate of 341 people incarcerated in prison per 100,00 people in the population. Mental illness affects 17% of inmates in North Carolina. African Americans account for only 22% of the state population, yet make up 52% of the total incarcerated population. African Americans are 6.5 times more likely to be incarcerated for drug-related offenses although drug use among African Americans is lower than other racial and ethnic groups. Rates of trafficking are similar. Explicit targeting of people of color by law enforcement and harsher sentencing leads to jail and prison time. The 2030 state goal is to decrease the incarceration rate to 150 people incarcerated per 100,000 in the population or increase the rate of decline. Reducing the disproportionate incarceration of African Americans and American Indians will largely affect the success in meeting this goal. HNC 2030 pp. 44-45

Partners
Durham County NC Criminal Justice Resource Center
https://www.dconc.gov/county-departments/departments-a-e/criminal-justice-resource-center
Growing Change, Inc
https://www.growingchange.org/
Leading Into New Communities (LINC), Inc.
https://lincnc.org/
National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges (NCJFCJ)-Trauma- Informed Courts
https://www.ncjfcj.org/child-welfare-and-juvenile-law/trauma-informed-courts/
North Carolina Department of Public Instruction (NC DPI)
https://www.dpi.nc.gov/data-reports/discipline-alp-and-dropout-data
North Carolina Harm Reduction Coalition (NCHRC)
https://www.nchrc.org/
North Carolina Judicial Branch- School Justice Partnership
https://www.nccourts.gov/programs/school-justice-partnership
North Carolina Justice Academy
https://ncdoj.gov/ncja/
North Carolina Task Force for Racial Equity in Criminal Justice (TREC)
https://ncdoj.gov/trec/
Wash Away Unemployment
https://www.wash-away.org/
What Works
  • Implement Medication Assisted Treatment (MAT) programs in correctional settings
  • Implement standardized, evidence-based programs to reduce recidivism
  • Improve access to treatment for substance use disorders, physical illnesses, and mental illnesses
  • Improve conditions and programs in jails and prisons to reduce harmful impact and foster successful reintegration into community
  • Improve educational outcomes, particularly for boys of color
  • Increase employment opportunities and job training programs in disadvantaged communities
  • Reduce intergenerational and neighborhood poverty
  • Revise current criminal justice policies
Description of Indicator Data

US Bureau of Justice Statistics and NC Department of Public Safety

Additional Data Needed at Local Level
  • Racial equity training for court system personnel
  • Racial data in Administrative Office of the Courts reporting
  • Policies of law enforcement agencies regarding
    • use of force
    • duty to report excessive use of force
  • School-based offenses
  • Mental Health and Substance Use Disorder Screening and care in jail health
Measures
Time
Period
Current Actual Value
Current Target Value
Current
Trend
Baseline
% Change
I
2019
164.0
0
0%
I
2019
451.0
0
0%
I
2019
20.6
0
0%
I
2019
164.2
0
0%
I
2019
401.9
0
0%
I
2019
69.5
0
0%
Scorecard Result Container Indicator Measure Action Actual Value Target Value Tag S R I P PM A m/d/yy m/d/yyyy