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G4O4. Retain current staff expertise by reducing the turnover of employees, excluding promotion and retirement.

Increase the number of mental health providers per 100,000

Current Value

195.5

2022

Definition

Number of psychiatrists, psychologists, licensed clinical social workers, counselors, marriage and family therapists, advanced practice nurses specializing in mental health care as well as those treating alcohol and other drug abuse per 100,000 population

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Story Behind the Curve

Mental Health Providers

U.S. Value: 284.3(2021); 305 (2022)

Healthiest State: Massachusetts: 693.6 (2021); 722 (2022)

Least-healthy State: Alabama: 120.8 (2020); 128 (2022)

Definition: Number of psychiatrists, psychologists, licensed clinical social workers, counselors, marriage and family therapists, advanced practice nurses specializing in mental health care as well as those treating alcohol and other drug abuse per 100,000 population

Data Source & Year(s): U.S. HHS, Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, National Plan and Provider Enumeration System, September 2021

Suggested Citation: America's Health Rankings analysis of U.S. HHS, Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, National Plan and Provider Enumeration System, United Health Foundation, AmericasHealthRankings.org, accessed 2022.

WHY DOES THIS MATTER?

Mental health providers offer essential care to adults and children who have a mental or behavioral disorder by offering services such as assessment, diagnosis, treatment, medication and therapeutic interventions. The mental health workforce includes a broad array of professionals, including psychiatrists, psychologists, licensed clinical social workers, counselors, marriage and family therapists, professionals treating alcohol and other drug abuse and advanced practice nurses specializing in mental health care. 

According to the National Institutes of Mental Health, about 1 in 5 Americans experienced a mental illness (not including substance abuse disorders) in 2020. Still only 46.2% of adults with any mental illness and 64.5% of those with a severe mental illness reported receiving treatment in the past year. (America's Health rankings). Gallup stats reported (according to the U.S. Census Bureau) that one third of Americans are showing signs of clinical depression or anxiery (https://www.gallup.com/workplace/349229/mood-world.aspx).

An analysis by the Kaiser Family Foundation found that more than 129 million Americans live in mental health care professional shortage areas and only 28.1% of mental health care needs are being met. The National Council for Mental Wellbeing reported that 77% of counties in the United States are experiencing a severe shortage of mental health providers. Demand for mental health professionals is projected to increase during and after the COVID-19 pandemic.

WHO IS AFFECTED?

While the majority of the population (70%) lives in close proximity to a mental health treatment facility (less than 10 miles), mental health provider shortages remain common. Populations with limited access to mental health care include:

  • Rural communities, which are less likely to have a mental health treatment facility than metropolitan counties.
  • Communities with a higher percentage of Black or Hispanic individuals.
  • Low-income communities.

GOALS

Healthy People 2030 has multiple objectives related to mental health, including: 

  • Increasing the proportion of adults with depression who get treatment.
  • Increasing the proportion of adults with serious mental illness who get treatment.
  • Increasing the proportion of primary care visits where adolescents and adults are screened for depression.

https://www.americashealthrankings.org/explore/annual/measure/MHP/state/IN  Last accessed 11 July 2022

What Works

WHAT WORKS?

Strategies to cope with shortages and to increase the number of mental health professionals include:

Challenges

The 2016 Tippecanoe County Community Needs Assessment cites mental health care as the No. 1 need of this community. 

https://www.purdue.edu/hhs/nur/nurse-online/2017fall/features/new-mental-health-program-address-critical-shortage-of-providers.php

Corrective Action

The Indiana behavioural Health commission released a report in 2022 that calls for 60% increase in funding for mental health services over the next four years.

Source: https://www.bing.com/videos/search?q=how+to+increase+mental+health+providers+in+Indiana&docid=603493194881720445&mid=F5A3FDE868E731C2190BF5A3FDE868E731C2190B&view=detail&FORM=VIRE     Last accessed 02/16/2023

Perdue university embarked on a program in 2018 that will provide three pathways to build the psychiatric mental health nurse practitioner workforce to assist primary physicians and ultimately better care for patients. NCHS, provided a four-year, $734,383 grant to support development and launch the program. The program will provide additional health care professionals who can work with patients to address a variety of mental health conditions.

https://www.purdue.edu/hhs/nur/nurse-online/2017fall/features/new-mental-health-program-address-critical-shortage-of-providers.php  Last accessed 02/16/2023

PoE

https://www.americashealthrankings.org/explore/annual/measure/MHP/state/IN  Last accessed 02/07/2023

 

https://www.americashealthrankings.org/explore/annual/measure/MHP/state/IN  Last accessed 11 July 2022

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