Age-adjusted cerebrovascular disease deaths per 100,000
Story Behind the Curve
Most Current Statistic:
- Adjusted Cerebrovascular Disease (Stroke) Mortality Rate per 100,000: 43.89
- Definition: Adjusted Mortality Rate per 100,000 Indiana residents due to Stroke (ICD-10: I60-I69) as underlying cause of death
- Total Number of Deaths due to Cerebrovascular Disease in Indiana, 2021: 3,421
- Data Source & Year: Indiana Department of Health (IDOH) Vital Records, 2021
- Suggested Citation: Indiana Department of Health Vital Records [IDOH Vital Records]. (2021). Indiana Vital Statistics, 2020. Indiana Department of Health (IDOH)
Last Updated: July 25, 2022
Cardiovascular disease refers to a number of heart conditions resulting from plaque building up in arteries, including coronary artery disease, chest pain, heart attacks and strokes. Heart disease, one type of cardiovascular disease, was the leading cause of death in the United States in 2019. Stroke, the fifth-leading cause of death in the U.S. in 2019, may lead to disabilities including paralysis, speech difficulties and emotional problems. Heart attack may result in fatigue, depression and difficulty engaging in physical activities.
In 2014-2015 the direct and indirect costs of cardiovascular disease and stroke totaled approximately $351.3 billion, around 14% of all U.S. health expenditures.
The prevalence of cardiovascular disease is higher among:
- Males than females.
- Adults ages 65 and older than adults ages 18-44; the prevalence of cardiovascular disease is significantly higher as age increases.
- American Indian/Alaska Native adults compared with all other racial and ethnic groups; Asian adults have the lowest prevalence of cardiovascular disease.
- Adults ages 25 and older with an annual household income less than $25,000, who have a prevalence nearly three times higher than those with an income of $75,000 or more; the prevalence is significantly lower with each increase in income level.
- Adults ages 25 and older with less than a high school education, who have a prevalence more than two times higher than college graduates; the prevalence is significantly lower with each increase in education level.
Risk factors for cardiovascular diseases (such as coronary artery disease, heart attack and stroke) include high blood pressure, high cholesterol, obesity, physical inactivity, unhealthy diet, diabetes, smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, high levels of stress and family history of heart disease or stroke.
Lifestyle changes, medicines and medical procedures can help prevent and/or treat cardiovascular disease. An analysis of National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data shows an estimated 44% of the decline in heart disease deaths from 1980 to 2000 was attributable to increases in physical activity, reductions in smoking prevalence and lowering of cholesterol and blood pressure. Interventions that reduce risk factors such as high cholesterol, smoking and physical inactivity could prevent as much as 80% of heart attacks and strokes.
The American Heart Association created Life’s Simple 7, a tool for individuals to measure their heart health.
The Million Hearts initiative is a national effort to improve access and quality of care to reduce the incidence of heart disease and stroke; it aims to prevent 1 million heart attacks and strokes by 2022 through promotion of community and clinical prevention programs. Healthy People 2030 has numerous objectives to improve cardiac health and reduce heart disease and stroke mortality such as increasing high blood pressure control among adults with high blood pressure.
Indiana Department of Health (IDOH) Vital Records, 2020
Adjusted Mortality Rate per 100,000 Indiana residents due to Stroke (ICD-10: I60-I69) as underlying cause of death