Decrease the number of individuals diagnosed with HIV/AIDS per 100,000*
This measure is being replaced during 2023 with:
Story Behind the Curve
HIV/ AIDS Infections
US Average: 362 cases per 100,000 in 2019
Healthiest State: Wyoming: 60 cases per 100,000 in 2020
Least Healthy State: New York: 651 cases per 100,000 in 2020
Prevalance Definition: The total number of cases in an identified population at a point in time compared to the total population in the area at the same time. For this measure the population is all Indiana residents.
Data source and Year(s): https://www.cdc.gov/hiv/basics/statistics.html, data from 2020 and last accessed July 2022
Why Does this Matter?
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) attacks the body's immune system, and makes it difficult to fight off infection. If left untreated then a person can develop Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndroms (AIDS) which can be devestating to a person's livelihood. By identifing as many cases as possible, infections can be managed, AIDS can be avoided, and transmission can be reduced.
Who is Affected?
Data shows that HIV disproportionality affects some populations compared to others. We see the biggest descrepancies in men who have sex with men as well as black and hispanic/latino populations. We see these trends nationally and in Indiana dues to sexual risk factors, and lower access to care and education.
At the Indiana department of health we have identified 5 main goals to end the HIV epidemic. Since 2015, Indiana prevalance has risen about 2.5 HIV/ AIDS cases per 100,000 people annually, and 182 HIV/ AIDS cases per 100,000 people has been identified as the target prevalance by 2026. This will be a decrease of about 2 cases per 100,000 people annually until 2026 which is decreasing slightly less than the increase since 2015.
- Diagnose all people with HIV early
- Teat infections quickly and effectively
- prevent new infections using proven interventions
- identify potential outbreaks and respond quickly, collaboratively, and effectively
- Build capacity to strengthen and sustain the work
Strategies that have been proven to lower the prevalance and incidence of HIV/ AIDS cases both nationally and in Indiana.
- Practicing methods of safe sex
- Prevention if you inject drugs
- Prevention of mother to child exposure
- Get tested frequently
- Take preventative medicines
- Work with provider to develop safe birth plan
- Prevention after recent exposure
- Begin PrEP within 72 hours
- Know your partner before having sex
HIV/ AIDS Data: IDOH Division of HIV, STD, and Viral Hepatitis, Accessed July 2022
Population Data 2020-2021: https://www2.census.gov/programs-surveys/popest/tables/2020-2021/state/detail/sc-est2021-agesex-18.xlsx , Accessed July 2022
Populaton Data 2015-2019: https://www2.census.gov/programs-surveys/popest/tables/2010-2019/state/detail/sc-est2019-agesex-18.xlsx , Accessed July 2022