Health Outcomes and 1 more...less...

G3O5. Decrease those struggling with substance abuse

Decrease the number of individuals diagnosed with HIV/AIDS per 100,000

196Q3 2022

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Story Behind the Curve

HIV/ AIDS Infections

US Average: 362 cases per 100,000 in 2019

Healthiest State: Wyoming: 60 cases per 100,000 in 2020

Least Healthy State: New York: 651 cases per 100,000 in 2020

Prevalance Definition: The total number of cases in an identified population at a point in time compared to the total population in the area at the same time. For this measure the population is all Indiana residents.

Data source and Year(s): https://www.cdc.gov/hiv/basics/statistics.html, data from 2020 and last accessed July 2022

Why Does this Matter?

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) attacks the body's immune system, and makes it difficult to fight off infection. If left untreated then a person can develop Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndroms (AIDS) which can be devestating to a person's livelihood. By identifing as many cases as possible, infections can be managed, AIDS can be avoided, and transmission can be reduced. 

https://www.cdc.gov/hiv/basics/whatishiv.html

https://www.cdc.gov/hiv/basics/livingwithhiv/opportunisticinfections.html

Who is Affected?  
Data shows that HIV disproportionality affects some populations compared to others. We see the biggest descrepancies in men who have sex with men as well as black and hispanic/latino populations. We see these trends nationally and in Indiana dues to sexual risk factors, and lower access to care and education. 

 

https://www.cdc.gov/hiv/basics/statistics.html

Goals

At the Indiana department of health we have identified 5 main goals to end the HIV epidemic. Since 2015, Indiana prevalance has risen about 2.5 HIV/ AIDS cases per 100,000 people annually, and 182 HIV/ AIDS cases per 100,000 people has been identified as the target prevalance by 2026. This will be a decrease of about 2 cases per 100,000 people annually until 2026 which is decreasing slightly less than the increase since 2015.

  1. Diagnose all people with HIV early
  2. Teat infections quickly and effectively
  3. prevent new infections using proven interventions
  4. identify potential outbreaks and respond quickly, collaboratively, and effectively
  5. Build capacity to strengthen and sustain the work

https://www.zipindiana.org/

 

What Works

What Works?

Strategies that have been proven to lower the prevalance and incidence of HIV/ AIDS cases both nationally and in Indiana.

  1. Practicing methods of safe sex
    1. Use condoms properly & everytime
    2. Take PrEP
    3. Avoid performing sexual acts
    4. Get tested frequently
  2. Prevention if you inject drugs
    1. Don't inject drugs and seek help
    2. Never share needles
    3. Always clean needles properly
    4. Participate in a needle exchange program
  3. Prevention of mother to child exposure
    1. Get tested frequently
    2. Take preventative medicines
    3. Work with provider to develop safe birth plan
  4. Prevention after recent exposure
    1. Begin PrEP within 72 hours
    2. Know your partner before having sex

https://www.cdc.gov/hiv/basics/prevention.html

Challenges
Corrective Action
PoE

HIV/ AIDS Data: IDOH Division of HIV, STD, and Viral Hepatitis, Accessed July 2022

Population Data 2020-2021: https://www2.census.gov/programs-surveys/popest/tables/2020-2021/state/detail/sc-est2021-agesex-18.xlsx , Accessed July 2022

Populaton Data 2015-2019: https://www2.census.gov/programs-surveys/popest/tables/2010-2019/state/detail/sc-est2019-agesex-18.xlsx , Accessed July 2022

Scorecard Result Container Indicator Measure Action Actual Value Target Value Tag S R I P PM A m/d/yy m/d/yyyy