Health Outcomes and 1 more...less...

G3O5. Decrease those struggling with substance abuse

Decrease the number of males diagnosed with HIV/AIDS per 100,000

3042021

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Story Behind the Curve

HIV/ AIDS Infections

US Average: 571 cases per 100,000  males in 2018

Prevalance Definition: The total number of cases in an identified population at a point in time compared to the total population in the area at the same time. For this measure the population is all Indiana male residents.

https://www.cdc.gov/hiv/basics/statistics.html

Why Does this Matter?

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) attacks the body's immune system, and makes it difficult to fight off infection. If left untreated then a person can develop Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndroms (AIDS) which can be devestating to a person's livelihood. By identifing as many cases as possible, infections can be managed, AIDS can be avoided, and transmission can be reduced. 

https://www.cdc.gov/hiv/basics/whatishiv.html

https://www.cdc.gov/hiv/basics/livingwithhiv/opportunisticinfections.html

Who is Affected?
Data shows that HIV disprapoitionalty affects some populations compared to others. We see the biggest descrepancies in men who have sex with men as well as black and hispanic/latino populations. We see these trends nationally and in Indiana dues to sexual risk factors, and lower access to care and education.

https://www.cdc.gov/hiv/group/gender/men/index.html

Goals

At the Indiana department of health we have identified 5 main goals to end the HIV epidemic. Since 2015 the Indiana prevalance has risen about 3 HIV/ AIDS cases per 100,000 males annually, and 294 HIV/ AIDS cases per 100,000 males has been identified as the target prevalance by 2026. This will be a decrease of about 2 cases per 100,000 males annually until 2026 which is decreasing at two thirds the rate of increase since 2015.

  1. Diagnose all people with HIV early
  2. Teat infections quickly and effectively
  3. prevent new infections using proven interventions
  4. identify potential outbreaks and respond quickly, collaboratively, and effectively
  5. Build capacity to strengthen and sustain the work

https://www.zipindiana.org/

What Works

What Works?

Strategies that have been proven to lower the prevalance and incidence of HIV/ AIDS cases both nationally and in Indiana.

  1. Practicing methods of safe sex
    1. Use condoms properly & everytime
    2. Take PrEP
    3. Avoid performing sexual acts
    4. Get tested frequently
  2. Prevention if you inject drugs
    1. Don't inject drugs and seek help
    2. Never share needles
    3. Always clean needles properly
    4. Participate in a needle exchange program
  3. Prevention after recent exposure
    1. Begin PrEP within 72 hours
    2. Know your partner before having sex

https://www.cdc.gov/hiv/basics/prevention.html

Challenges
Corrective Action
PoE

HIV/ AIDS Data: IDOH Division of HIV, STD, and Viral Hepatitis, Accessed July 2022

Population Data 2020-2021: https://www2.census.gov/programs-surveys/popest/tables/2020-2021/state/detail/sc-est2021-agesex-18.xlsx , Accessed July 2022

Populaton Data 2015-2019: https://www2.census.gov/programs-surveys/popest/tables/2010-2019/state/detail/sc-est2019-agesex-18.xlsx , Accessed July 2022

Scorecard Result Container Indicator Measure Action Actual Value Target Value Tag S R I P PM A m/d/yy m/d/yyyy