Decrease the number of males with new diagnoses of HIV/AIDS per 100,000 (2023)
Story Behind the Curve
HIV/ AIDS Infections
US Average: 21 new cases per 100,000 males in 2018 (about 5.25 new cases per quarter per 100k males)
Incidence Definition: The total number of cases in an identified population over a period of time compared to the total population in the area at the same time. For this measure the population is all Indiana residents which is gathered from the 2020 US Census. 3,365,621 males in Indiana in 2020.
https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/IN/POP010220, last accessed June 2023
Why Does this Matter?
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) attacks the body's immune system, and makes it difficult to fight off infection. If left untreated then a person can develop Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndroms (AIDS) which can be devestating to a person's livelihood. By identifing as many cases as possible, infections can be managed, AIDS can be avoided, and transmission can be reduced.
Who is Affected?
Data shows that HIV disprapoitionalty affects some populations compared to others. We see the biggest descrepancies in men who have sex with men as well as black and hispanic/latino populations. We see these trends nationally and in Indiana dues to sexual risk factors, and lower access to care and education.
At the Indiana department of health we have identified 5 main goals to end the HIV epidemic. Since 2015 the Indiana prevalance has risen about 3 HIV/ AIDS cases per 100,000 males annually, and 294 HIV/ AIDS cases per 100,000 males has been identified as the target prevalance by 2026. This will be a decrease of about 2 cases per 100,000 males annually until 2026 which is decreasing at two thirds the rate of increase since 2015.
- Diagnose all people with HIV early
- Teat infections quickly and effectively
- prevent new infections using proven interventions
- identify potential outbreaks and respond quickly, collaboratively, and effectively
- Build capacity to strengthen and sustain the work
Strategies that have been proven to lower the prevalance and incidence of HIV/ AIDS cases both nationally and in Indiana.
- Practicing methods of safe sex
- Prevention if you inject drugs
- Prevention of mother to child exposure
- Get tested frequently
- Take preventative medicines
- Work with provider to develop safe birth plan
- Prevention after recent exposure
- Begin PrEP within 72 hours
- Know your partner before having sex
HIV/ AIDS Data: IDOH Division of HIV, STD, and Viral Hepatitis, Accessed June 2023
Population Data 2020 US Census: https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/IN/POP010220