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Campylobacteriosis and 1 more... less...

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Gastro-Enteric Diseases

Campylobacteriosis - TOTAL

Current Value

4

May 2024

Definition

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Why Is This Important?

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) believes that Campylobacter causes an estimated 1.5 million illnesses in the United States each year. Many people confuse Campylobacteriosis with “the stomach flu,” “food poisoning,” or other foodborne illnesses because it spreads and presents itself very similarly making it difficult to identify cases. Campylobacteriosis will give symptoms such as diarrhea (often bloody), fever, and stomach cramps and sometimes more serious conditions such as irritable bowel syndrome or arthritis. People can get it from undercooked poultry, contaminated surfaces, or contact with infected animals. The only way to know for certain if you have Campylobacter is to get tested, which is important to ensure you receive the treatment you need (despite many clearing the infection with some rest and hydration) and prevent others from getting sick.

Story Behind the Curve

Cases of reportable disease in the state of Ohio are reported by providers and laboratories to local health departments using a system called Ohio Disease Report System (ODRS). This allows for local health departments (LHDs) to accurately monitor and investigate any case of disease requiring follow-up, isolation/exclusion, or guidance to prevent further transmission. This also allows LHDs to collect accurate data on how many cases of certain disease they have in their county to create graphs like the one you see! Using data from previous years, public health professionals can create threshold data to get a detailed prediction of what is “normal” for their county during a specific period.

What We Do

Licking County Health Department (LCHD) monitors ODRS for any identification of a Campylobacteriosis case. Once a case is identified, LCHD will work to collect necessary contact information for the case and give them a call. An interview is conducted asking questions about symptoms, illness duration, food exposure, and any other risk factors to ensure the transmission risk is low. This also allows the health department to track any patterns and catch an outbreak (if applicable) in the early stages to prevent others from getting sick.

Partnerships

Anytime a food establishment was visited during a Campylobacteriosis case’s incubation period, Licking County Health Department (LCHD) works to report this to the Environmental Health (EH) team responsible for inspecting that facility. This allows for the EH team to identify any patterns for potential issues to arise at that food establishment. If you have any questions regarding food safety or a food establishment, you may follow this link and find contact information for the LCHD EH team: Licking County Health Department Food Safety Program.

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