Last Updated: January 15, 2020
Author: Diabetes Program, Vermont Department of Health
Approximately one in sixteen Vermonters were diagnosed with prediabetes in 2014 (most recent data available). Because 90% of those with prediabetes do not know they have it, it is estimated that over one third of individuals actually have this manageable condition. Those with prediabetes have reduced ability to utilize the hormone insulin, causing an increase in blood glucose levels and consequently an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Risk factors include age (45 years or older), overweight, family history of type 2 diabetes, elevated blood pressure, physical inactivity, diabetes during pregnancy, or giving birth to a baby greater than nine pounds. The National Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) is an intensive, year long, evidence-based workshop that has proven results in facilitating lifestyle change and preventing or delaying the onset of diabetes. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is dedicated to increasing participation in diabetes prevention programming such as the national DPP. Research shows that successful completion of this type of program reduces the development of diabetes by 58%. The Vermont Department of Health (VDH) and CDC collect data from participants who complete the DPP program (attend at least 9/16 weekly sessions). With this information, VDH can observe the impact of specific factors on completion of the program (e.g. source of referral, socio-economic status, etc.) as well as clinical outcomes. Vermont recently transitioned from the YMCA DPP curriculum to CDC's, "Prevent T2", curriculum. The transition to a new curriculum resulted in a brief interruption in DPP offerings and data collection as program facilitators were trained in the new curriculum and program data reporting mechanisms were updated. Program data for the most recent quarter is now available, but may be missing data on up to three programs, likely the reason for the Q4 2017 and Q1 2018 dips below the target number of DPP completers.