Best practices include clinical assessments implemented using the STEADI toolkit for adults aged 65 years and older to identify those adults who are at an increased risk for falls and offer effective strategies to reduce those risks. The New Mexico Department of Health (NMDOH) supports five evidence-based falls prevention/exercise programs: STEADI, OTAGO, Tai Ji Quan: Moving for Better Balance, A Matter of Balance, and Tai Chi for Arthritis. These practices include:
- Conducting annual screenings for strength and balance.
- Providing annual medication reviews and management for older adults.
- Conducting annual vision exams for older adults.
- Providing patient counseling on home and environmental safety.
- Providing education and referrals to older adults for physical activity classes such as Matter of Balance (MOB), OTAGO, or Tai Chi.
- Reviewing vitamin D supplementation as appropriate.