Health care professionals play an important role in
helping asthma patients recognize and limit their exposure to asthma triggers.
The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) EPR-3 recommends that
medical professionals advise their patients with asthma to reduce or avoid
exposure to indoor and outdoor asthma triggers.1 Reduction of
exposure to asthma triggers can improve asthma symptoms and reduce asthma
episodes. A large part of having an asthma self-management plan is recognizing
triggers and then taking steps, when possible, to remove those triggers from
the home or to avoid them. It is not always possible to remove or make dramatic
changes in an environment because of a myriad of factors (workplace factors, cost,
time, family pets, rental homes) but it is usually possible to make small
changes that can alleviate the health impact of environmental triggers. An
example would be that while getting rid of a pet that triggers asthma is not
always possible, it is possible to reduce their impact by keeping pets out of
the bedroom or outside of the home.
This indicator is part of Healthy Vermonters 2020 (the State Health
Assessment) that documents the health status of Vermonters at the start
of the decade and the population health indicators and goals that will
guide the work of public health through 2020. Click here for more information.
1. Clark, N. Self-management of asthma by adult patients.
Patient Education and Counseling. 1997. pp. S5-S20.