Ensure the mental health of Vermonters and 7 more...less...

Reduce the prevalence of individuals with or at risk of substance abuse or mental illness

Vermont's children and young people achieve their potential, including: pregnant women and young people thrive; children are ready for school; children succeed in school; youths choose healthy behaviors; youths successfully transition to adulthood

Vermonters are Healthy

Vermon's children and young people achieve their potential

VERMONT'S CHILDREN AND YOUNG PEOPLE ACHIEVE THEIR POTENTIAL

VERMONT'S CHILDREN AND YOUNG PEOPLE ACHIEVE THEIR POTENTIAL

VERMONT'S CHILDREN AND YOUNG PEOPLE ACHIEVE THEIR POTENTIAL

% of adolescents in grades 9-12 who made a suicide plan in the past year

13%2019

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Story Behind the Curve

Updated: September 2022 

Author:  Injury and Violence Prevention Program, Vermont Department of Health


In 2019, the percentage of adolescents who made a suicide plan in the past year was 13%, which follows an increasing trend since 2011. The data is collected from the Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) which is administered every other year.  For more data on suicide mortality and self-harm morbidity, please visit our injury surveillance reports.

Suicide is the second leading cause of death for people age 15 to 34 in Vermont. For every suicide death, there are many other people who think about or attempt suicide. While the causes vary and are complex, suicide is preventable.

Beyond this statewide number, we also know that the percentage varies between different subpopulations and tells a more complex story.  Two populations with significantly high rates of suicidal thoughts or behaviors are youth of color and youth who identify as LGBTQ+. 

Thirty-six percent of youth who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) made a suicide plan in the past year, which is significantly higher than heterosexual/cisgender youth (9%).  Seventeen percent of youth of color made a suicide plan in the past year, which is significantly higher than their white, non-Hispanic peers (13%).  Youth who hold marginalized identities may be at higher risk for suicide because of how they are mistreated and stigmatized in society.

The Vermont Departments of Health and Mental Health are collaborating with community partners to reduce these rates.  One Agency cannot turn the curve alone; there are many partners who have a role to play making a difference. 

Partners
What Works

Systems using evidence based programs covering prevention, screening and identification of youth at risk and subsequent treatment are being developed in Vermont.

Key evidence-based strategies that help reduce suicide include the following:

  • Zero Suicide
  • Lifelines curriculum
  • UMatter for Schools
  • Mental Health First Aid (MHFA)
  • The Columbia-Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS,)
  • The Ask Suicide-Screening Questions (ASQ) toolkit,
  • and the Collaborative Assessment and Management of Suicidality (CAMS.)

Vermont has been building its prevention programming and mental health services to respond to the increase in youth, who engage in suicide related behavior. Another key strategy in helping to reduce suicide in youth is promoting protective factors (e.g. community connectedness) and reducing risk factors.

Based on Vermont data, compared to youth who have not made a suicide plan, youth that have made a suicide plan are significantly less likely to experience protective factors and more likely to experience risk factors. In addition, educating youths on depression and suicidal behavior has been shown to prevent suicidal behavior.

Strategy

Vermont is focus is on increasing its capacity to offer a specific set of evidenced based practices and programs designed to address the key elements influencing the rise in youth suicide rates and other measures such as youth considering suicide. These strategies include increasing training and capacity for mental health counselors to use the Zero Suicide/CAMS framework in identifying and treating suicidality, supporting “upstream” programs such as UMatter, and increasing youth afterschool quality programming. Many early childhood and school age programs address mental health and wellness by increasing protective factors and decreasing risk factors. 

Why Is This Important?

This indicator, coupled with Vermont’s numbers of youth suicide deaths, informs our knowledge of the prevalence of suicide-related behaviors in youth. This data can help practitioners who work in health and mental health, and public health planners to plan interventions that are designed for both individual practitioners and also community based prevention. There are several risk factors that are informing the Vermont Department of Health's understanding of the scope of this issue. Some of the risk factors that guide prevention strategies include bullying, other factors related to mental health, substance misuse, and sexual and dating violence.  

Notes on Methodology

The Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) is a national program funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. It is administered every other year (odd years) through the public school system. The YRBS is a major source of information about youth health related behaviors that may contribute to leading causes of death and disability as adults.

The Vermont YRBS asks youth about concerning behaviors such as “feeling sad or hopeless” and suicide plans and attempts. Detailed analyses of Vermont data also inform on special subpopulations.

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