Result 2. All children are healthy in mind, body and spirit

Indicator 2.3. % of Kindergartners assessed as "Vulnerable" in the emotional maturity EDI domain


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About the Data

The Early Development Instrument (EDI) is a population measure of how young children are developing in communities. A child is considered “Vulnerable” when their domain score is at or below or equal the 10th percentile of the national EDI dataset. The EDI measures five domains of early childhood development including emotional maturity. Emotional maturing includes the ability to think before acting, a balance between too fearful and too impulsive, an ability to deal with feelings at the age-appropriate level, and empathetic response to other people’s feelings (for more details see

The number of Bexar County ISDs adopting the assessment has increased each year. In some cases, dramatically changing the demographic mix of children assessed. Those changes make trending outcomes from the EDI problematic. In order to accurately trend this indicator and preserve the time series, a baseline geography was set as the 309 tracts assessed in 2015. In addition, the 70% representation criteria prescribed by EDI was applied to the geography as a whole rather than being applied to each individual tract.

All quantitative data and narrative related to the data on this page was prepared by CI NOW for ReadyKidSA.

Why Is This Important?

Social-emotional development in young children encompasses how young children feel about themselves, how they behave and how they relate to people close to them, such as caregivers, teachers, and peers. Although infant and early childhood mental health are often used in the same way, the term social-emotional development illustrates the importance of prevention and early intervention. There is strong evidence linking social-emotional health in the early childhood years (birth to 6) to subsequent school success and health in preteen and teen years, and to long term health and wellbeing in adulthood. However, research also shows that effective programs that address social-emotional health early in life can promote resilience and actually prevent mental health problems later in life. (National Center for Children in Poverty, 2009)

For more information see:

OVERALL TREND: Bexar County*, 2015-2022              
% of Kindergarteners Assessed as… 2015 2016 2017 2018 2020 2022
"Vulnerable" in Emotional Maturity 8.5% 8.8% 9.7% 8.9% 9.2% 8.7%
"On-Track" in Emotional Maturity 40.6% 39.6% 40.2% 41.1% 43.5% 43.1%
"Very Ready" in Emotional Maturity 39.9% 40.8% 38.8% 39.9% 36.5% 37.8%

Source: Transforming Early Childhood Community Systems; Early Development Instrument (EDI), 2015-2022. *309 census tracts used for trend analysis.

Kindergarteners assessed as vulnerable in emotional maturity: Bexar County*, 2022

  Assessed Percent Vulnerable in Emotional Maturity
Total Population 11,784 8.6%
Race Ethnicity    
          Asian 388 5.7%
          Black or African American 640 14.4%
          Hispanic or Latino 7,769 8.3%
          White 1,840 8.7%
          Two or More Races 729 9.5%
          Male 6,037 13.0%
          Female 5,746 4.1%
          Free and Reduced Lunch 2,951 10.0%
          Individualized ED Program (IEP) 505 25.3%
          English as a Second Language (ESL) 1,207 5.7%

Source: Transforming Early Childhood Community Systems; Early Development Instrument (EDI), 2022. *309 census tracts used for analysis

Geographic Distribution

Bexar County, 2022

Story Behind the Curve

What factors are pushing up on the data?

  • Alternative Sources of Income*
  • Fear of Losing Benefits/Assistance
  • Education/Skills
  • Transportation
  • Support Systems (lack of) Child Care included
  • Language Barriers
  • Family Obligations not in Alignment with Work Schedule
  • Unstable Relationships
  • High # Single Earner Households

What factors pushing down on the data?

  • Complex Family Structures Not Captured aaaaaaaaaaa
  • Overall Decrease in Unemployment
  • Education/Skill
  • Short-term Skill Training & Certifications
  • Assistance in Job Placement

  • Goodwill
  • Alamo Colleges
  • Alamo Workforce Solutions
  • SAHA
  • Employers
  • Non-profits
  • Case Management programs
  • SA Works
What Works
Evidence-based practices
  • SA works
  • United Way Dual Generation Programs
  • HPOG
  • Earned income disregard
Promising practices
  • Volunteering
  • Internships
  • School involvement afafafafafafafafafaf
  • Childcare options
  • Family Support Services


Solutions and Strategies


  • Because it has the capacity to address so many factors relating to a delay in emotional maturity, including the ability to administer assessments that identify delays, determine appropriate interventions, and connect children and families to resources, encourage a policy shift that provides universal Pre-K (2 tables selected)

Direct Service

  • Recognizing that policy shift required to enact universal Pre-K is a long term process, a solution that can happen in the more immediate term is to expand home visiting programming, either through year-round models or other models, and ensure that the Home Visiting Program services are tailored to the actual needs of parents/caregivers.

System Change

  • Partner with hospitals and health care systems so that new parents and caregivers receive information about developmental milestones during the hospital stay following delivery, as well as where they can go for needed services.
  • To promote better early childhood health, expand mental screenings for children through two-pronged approach: by building capacity through training across the systems who interact with young children, and by increasing awareness amongst publics about the value of having children assessed early.
  • Ensure that all systems serving children across the city and county have the technical knowledge and skill to appropriately identify and respond to child and family needs and require trauma-informed care as a core component to staff training competencies and service delivery.
  • Evaluate how effective the transition points are between the multiple systems impacting children and families, and then enhance the reliability and consistency of the referral and response process amongst those systems.
  • Standardize practices amongst service providers so that early identification is consistent, and engage parents more efficiently by rethinking parent classes in ways that take the education out to parents, rather than waiting for parents to come to classes
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