Story Behind the Curve
Meningitis is an inflammation (swelling) of the protective membranes covering the brain and spinal cord. A bacterial or viral infection of the fluid surrounding the brain and spinal cord usually causes the swelling. However, injuries, cancer, certain drugs, and other types of infections also can cause meningitis. It is important to know the specific cause of meningitis because the treatment differs depending on the cause. Most cases of meningitis in the United States are caused by a viral infection, but bacterial, parasitic and fungal infections are other causes. Some cases of meningitis improve without treatment in a few weeks. Others can be life-threatening and require emergency antibiotic treatment.
This indicator shows the cases of meningitis per 100,000 people within the health district.
Utah Department of Health, Logan Regional Hospital, Cache Valley Hospital, Bear River Valley Hospital, Brigham Hospital, Midtown Clinic, Weight Watchers.
There is a vaccine for several types of bacterial meningitis. Meningococcal meningitis, caused by Neisseria meningitidis, is one version for which vaccines are available. While viral meningitis is more common, bacterial meningitis can be more dangerous if it’s not diagnosed and treated quickly. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle, especially if you’re at increased risk, is important. This includes: getting adequate amounts of rest, not smoking and avoiding contact with sick people.