5. Priority Area: Social Determinants of Health

State Health Improvement Plan (SHIP) 2021-2025 

SOCIAL DETERMINANTS OF HEALTH

The social determinants of health are the conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work and age that affect a wide range of health, functioning, and quality-of-life outcomes and risks. They contribute health disparities and inequities. For example, people who don't have access to grocery stores with healthy foods are less likely to have good nutrition. That raises their risk of health conditions like heart disease, diabetes, and obesity, and even lowers life expectancy relative to people who do have access to healthy foods (- Healthy People 2030).

 

The ADH aims to collaborate with its partners in education, transportation, housing, and community groups to address social/environmental conditions of Arkansans to improve their quality of life.

 

Priority Area - Social Determinants of Health
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Why Is This Important?

Social determinants of health (SDOH) are the conditions in the environments where people are born, live, learn, work, play, worship, and age that affect a wide range of health, functioning, and quality-of-life outcomes and risks.

SDOH can be grouped into 5 domains:

Social determinants of health (SDOH) have a major impact on people’s health, well-being, and quality of life. Examples of SDOH include:

  • Safe housing, transportation, and neighborhoods
  • Racism, discrimination, and violence
  • Education, job opportunities, and income
  • Access to nutritious foods and physical activity opportunities
  • Polluted air and water
  • Language and literacy skills

SDOH also contribute to wide health disparities and inequities. For example, people who don't have access to grocery stores with healthy foods are less likely to have good nutrition. That raises their risk of health conditions like heart disease, diabetes, and obesity — and even lowers life expectancy relative to people who do have access to healthy foods.

Just promoting healthy choices won't eliminate these and other health disparities. Instead, public health organizations and their partners in sectors like education, transportation, and housing need to take action to improve the conditions in people's environments. 

Soucehttps://health.gov/healthypeople/objectives-and-data/social-determinants-health and https://health.gov/healthypeople/about/workgroups/social-determinants-health-workgroup

SHIP Partners
  • ​​​​​​Arkansas Department of Education
  • Arkansas Department of Finance
  • Arkansas Department of Health
  • Arkansas Department of Human Services
  • Arkansas Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
  • Arkansas Foundation for Medical Care
  • Arkansas Minority Health Commission
  • Board of Health Members
  • County Health Officers
  • Current identified city and county health community champions
  • Local faith-based leaders
Resources
Outcome Measures
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